The best genealogy sites are the perfect place to start if you're building a family tree. Also known as ancestry sites, they grant you access to various databases that contain information on billions of people, both past and present, allowing you to discover more about your family, find new members of it, or to unearth your roots and find out where you really came from. America is a nation that draws its heritage from around the world, so you never know what you're going to find when you begin to track down your own ancestry.
When rating the best genealogy sites in 2020 we considered a number of factors. The most important is exactly how many records each ancestry site has access to, because the more sources you can draw from, the more accurate your family tree research will be. Sure, some of the cheaper sites may get you limited information on relatives, but the bigger services - like Ancestry.com - will get you more information on these people and the lives they lived. Having said that, we do consider price too. If you're only casually looking into your family origins or the history of your name, then you don't necessarily need access to a vast database, and can probably pay a little less. Accuracy of information is key, as is the ease of search, and the actual presentation of the data that you find.
If you're looking to use a more scientific method of discovering your ancestry, you can look at the best DNA testing kits for data on your bloodline, which you can then use to further your search with our top genealogy sites. And for the avid ancestry hobbyist, we also have a guide to the best family tree software, which can help you to build and present your tree to the whole family. Most are compatible with the information you'll find in these genealogy sites, so they will work together very nicely.
1. Ancestry.com: Best genealogy website overall
Best overall genealogy site thanks to its impressive databases and DNA testing
Historical records: 20+ billion | DNA testing: Yes | Pricing from: $19.99 per month or $99 annually
One of the original genealogy sites, Ancestry.com started way back in 1996 and has been building since. As such it has one of the largest databases of records numbering over 20 billion and spanning court records, newspapers, voter records, birth, marriage and death certificates and more. Public member information makes finding links and building your tree super simple.
Ancestry.com also offers a DNA testing option which can show your family history over 350 ethnic regions worldwide. Over 10 million people have already taken the test meaning there is a huge amount of data to explore. Despite being the biggest option, pricing isn't too bad, starting at $19.99 per month or $99 annually. But you can start building for free right away, unlocking more options as and when you need them.
- Read our Ancestry.com review
2. MyHeritage: Best genealogy website for local searching
If you're looking local, My Heritage is a really good option
Historical records: 10+ billion | DNA testing: Yes | Pricing from: $99 per year
What's unique about MyHeritage is its ability to allow you to search locally. A nifty search options lets you "show neighbors" for local links you may have - ideal to see what that neighbor near you when growing up is doing now. But if your family spans the globe that's fine too as this site has access to over 10 billion records. This is all backed by a simple to use website and great smartphone app.
DNA testing is also an option for more depth of information about both your history and health with over 100 million people already on the database. You can start for free without using the more advanced features.
- Read our MyHeritage review
3. FamilySearch: Best free genealogy website
A free genealogy site for those just getting started
Historical records: 5+ billion | DNA testing: No | Pricing from: Free
FamilySearch is the ideal genealogy site for anyone new to ancestry building who wants to give it a try without committing - this is because it is totally free. Despite the lack of charge there are over five billion records, a free mobile app and physical genealogy centers to visit if you need help. This is because the service is run by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints which believes sharing these records is part of its duties. There is no commitment to that though so you can enjoy the records without any pressure to get involved with that side of the service.
Resources include the usual birth, marriage and death certificates as well as census data and military records but also features yearbooks, directories and other family trees, to name just a few. There isn't any DNA testing but at this price it's tough to complain.
- Read our FamilySearch review
4. Archives: Best genealogy website for deep research
If you want to dig deep on a specific subject, Archives is great for this
Historical records: 11+ billion | DNA testing: No | Pricing from: From $9.99 per month
Archives, as the name suggests, is a huge database filled with information - over 11 billion records with photos, maps and architectural drawings to name a few more unique types. This is aimed at the ancestry buff who has already started building a family tree and has either reached a dead end of wants to dive deeper than the usual services can help with. This supports GEDCOM files so you can upload your tree and build on it from there.
The 14-day free trial is a nice touch and the fact documents are displayed in searches allows you to work fast. The monthly fee is a flat rate of $9.99 making it very competitive. Just don't expect DNA testing or a fancy app with this option.
- Read our Archives review
5. Find My Past: Best genealogy website for Irish and British records
If your family is from the British Isles, this is the best place to research it
Historical records: 2+ billion | DNA testing: Yes | Pricing from: From $14.99 per month or $129 annually
Find My Past is the go to place for anyone that has ancestry in Ireland or Great Britain and Ireland thanks to very specific records in these areas numbering over two billion. Yes, that's not as many as some of the bigger boys in this field but it is in such a specific area, these records run deep. There are over 18 million people registered with records linked as far back as AD 850, making these some of the oldest records available.
There is a 14-day free trial and then the charges start at $14.95 per month or $129 per year. DNA testing is also available but for another fee of $89 for the testing kit.
- Read our Find My Past review
6. MyTrees.com: Best genealogy website for professional assistance
If you need professional help with your search, this is the place to go
Historical records: 1+ billion | DNA testing: No | Pricing from: From $10 for 10 days
MyTrees.com is a US and Canada focused ancestry genealogy site which has a relatively meagre one billion records. But when you consider these are in a focused area that's still plenty. The website could do with an update and you won't get any app or DNA support. But you do get access to professional genealogist help via forums, if you want to seek them out to help you dig deeper into your past. You can also use a GEDCOM file upload allowing you to work further on your current family tree.
Unlike other genealogy sites, MyTrees offers you minimal commitment options like a 10-day trial. This is perfect if you just want to dip into the records to build on your family tree before going elsewhere for more research. Equally it's a nice way for beginners to give it a go, especially with that professional help availability.
- Read our MyTrees.com review
Why trust us on genealogy websites?
Since 2005, we’ve been watching genealogy websites evolve to what they are today. Whether it’s research-focused websites with a ton of documents or easy to use family tree builders you can also use on your phone, we’ve used them all. Whether you want to find official documents or just have a platform where you can easily build a family tree that’s visually appealing, there are a lot of options out there.
Camille Penrod, a public relations specialist for Ancestry.com, told us that Ancestry harnesses family history and consumer genomics to help people figure out who they are and where they come from.
"We’ve pioneered and defined this category, developing new innovations and technologies that have reinvented how people make family history discoveries," she said. "And these discoveries can give everyone a greater sense of identity, relatedness, and their place in the world."
How we found the best genealogy website
We compared genealogy websites simply by using them. This meant dozens of hours of research, several phone calls to our family members and a couple calls to customer service. If a subscription is required, we got the top-tier membership and used every feature of the website we could find. This meant entering in the names and birthdays of real people and seeing if these genealogy websites could give us any real information. All the websites with a family tree building feature are GEDCOM compatible, which is the file format for saving and exporting your family. Almost every single genealogy website we tested requires a subscription to use every function but obviously we preferred the least expensive options that were still easy to use and give users a ton of resources.
Your Data Privacy
There are growing concerns about genealogy sites and data privacy, but genealogy companies are eager to convince buyers where their loyalties stand. Recently, Ancestry DNA denied law enforcement access to its database of 16 million DNA profiles, saying "not only will we not share customer information with law enforcement unless compelled to by valid legal process, such as a court order or search warrant, we will also always advocate for our customers' privacy and seek to narrow the scope of any compelled disclosure, or even eliminate it entirely."
While it may become a contentious issue in the years to come, the best genealogy websites will go to great lengths to protect your genetic privacy.
More to know about genealogy websites
While genealogy websites have a lot of available information, remember that not all of it is accurate. Some websites rely solely on information entered by other users.
That means if someone gets a birthdate or wedding date wrong, it could really change the way your family tree looks. The most reliable sources are public records and copies of physical documents like birth and marriage certificates, so we preferred websites that have those resources available.
Keep in mind if someone in your family has purchased a burial plot anywhere under their name, it could show up in your search suggesting that someone who is still living is in fact deceased.
You also shouldn’t expect any genealogy website to build a family tree for you from nothing. You need dates of births and deaths for your closest family members, so you might have to call Aunt Linda as you set up your account. Some of the websites we tested also only let you build one family tree per account while others give you the option to do research for your friends as well.
What is a pedigree resource file?
If you're really interested in family tree research and have a lot of your own information already compiled, you have the option of donating to the pedigree research file.
This is a massive collection of user-submitted genealogies and family histories available online. According to FamilySearch, it has about 220 million records. This giant data dump makes it possible to connect the dotted lines between people you might never think could be related. It also makes for hours and hours of research if you’re so inclined, but keep in mind all of the data submitted might not be totally accurate, as it relies on the submitter’s information only. It isn’t checked by a third party for accuracy. If you'd like to include your information to the database, the easiest way to do so is via a GEDCOM file.
GEDCOM is a file format you can use to save your family tree. This means you can build one and save it to use on another website that might have more in-depth information.